In May of the year 1990, L. Frank Baum wrote The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz. The book tells the story of Dorothy Gale, a girl from Kansas who gets swept away to the magical land of Oz during a tornado. While in the land of Oz, she befriends a Scarecrow, a Tin Man, and a Cowardly Lion, defeats the Wicked Witch of the West, and makes contact with the Wizard of Oz, who rules the land. At the end of the tale, she returns home to Kansas after clicking her heels together three times.
The author himself admitted in interviews later that his protagonist, Dorothy Gale, was very much inspired by Alice from the tales of Lewis Carroll, as young readers would find themselves more easily able to relate to a protagonist that was closer to their age. Baum also shared similar beliefs to Carroll on the subject of children’s literature, as felt the books should be exciting and enjoyable for the young readers without having to toss morals and life lessons at them.
The tales themselves also appear to feature similar elements. The books both begin with young, female protagonists in a dull “real world” setting. Through a strange twist of fate, such as falling down a rabbit hole or being swept up by a tornado, they suddenly find themselves in an unfamiliar land where they both make new friends and enemies among the inhabitants of these places. The ends also seem to share similar beats, as both Alice and Dorothy appear to awake from sleep, making them believe that it was “all a dream.”