One of the most well-known aspects of the ABC television show LOST is its extensive use of literary references. From the very first episode the show is full of historical and literary references. One of the main characters is named John Locke, a blatant reference to the 17th century European philosopher. The references don’t stop there, Desmond David Hume (a reference to David Hume), Danielle Rousseau (a reference to Jean-Jacques Rousseau), Eloise Hawking (reference to Stephen Hawking), and Daniel Faraday (reference to Michael Faraday) are all characters on the show.At the beginning of Season Four, in the second episode entitled “Confirmed Dead,” the character Charlotte Staples Lewis is introduced. Charlotte Lewis is a famous anthropologist who grew up on the Island. Her parents were part of the mysterious Dharma Initiative, and she had to flee the Island with her mother as a young child. She became an anthropologist and has spent her whole life looking for clues to get back to the Island. She finally makes it back with the freighter team in Season Four. What’s most important about her in relation to Narnia is her name, Charlotte Staples Lewis. This is a direct reference to CS Lewis (Clive Staples Lewis), the writer of The Chronicles of Narnia series, and a famous Christian apologist. Both the character and the real-life Lewis even attended Oxford. CS Lewis, in his famous book Mere Christianity wrote “If I find in myself a desire which no experience in this world can satisfy, the most probable explanation is that I was made for another world.” He said he had a “true country” he was still looking for. In this same way Charlotte says “…I’m still looking for where I was born” in the season finale of Season Four. Another connection is that in the Narnia series there is a character named Susan who decides that Narnia is all imaginary and tries to convince the others of such, even though she lived there with the other children for years. Charlotte’s mother is a Susan character who tries to convince Charlotte that the Island isn’t real, despite the fact she grew up there. The Island in LOST functions in much the same way Narnia does in regards to the outside world. In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, time runs at a different rate than it does outside the wardrobe. In the same way, time on the Island runs at a different rate than the outside world. Daniel Faraday even does tests on this during the opening episodes of Season Four. In addition, only certain people can enter the world of Narnia and only in certain ways in CS Lewis’s series. The Island, too, is very hard to get to, and “chooses” who it allows to come. The other direct reference in LOST to The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe is the Dharma Initiative station The Lamp Post. This is a reference to the lamp post the children encounter directly after entering Narnia. The symbol for The Lamp Post Dharma station is a picture of the lamp post in Narnia. The point of this station is to “guide” people to the Island. It calculates where the Island should be at certain times to allow people to get there.
and the WardrobeCharlotte Staples LewisChronicles of NarniaCS LewisDharmaLamp PostLOSTThe Lionthe Witch
- Adaptive Organism: John W. Campbell’s “Who Goes There?”, Howard Hawks’ “The Thing from Another World” and John Carpenter’s “The Thing”
- I Am Iron Man (And So Am I)
- Triad: Game of Thrones